Politics

Form of Government Parliamentary Republic
Head of State President Bujar Nishani (since July 24, 2012)
Head of Government Edi Rama (PS) since September 16, 2013
Parliament Assembly of the Republic, one Chamber, 140 Seats, President: Ilir Meta (LSI)

Parties

Name Abbr. Ideology Leader Seats
Socialist Party of Albania
Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë
PS Social democracy Edi Rama 66
Democratic Party of Albania
Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë
PD Conservatism, Liberal conservatism Lulzim Basha 49
Socialist Movement for Integration
Lëvizja Socialiste për Intigrim
LSI Social democracy Ilir Meta 16
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity
Partia për Drejtësi, Integrim dhe Unitet
PDIU Advocacy of national issues Shpëtim Idrizi 4
Republican Party of Albania
Partia Republikane e Shqipërisë
PR National conservatism Fatmir Mediu 3
Unity for Human Rights Party
Partia Bashkimi për të Drejtat e Njeriut
PBDNJ Greek minority politics, centrism, liberalism Vangjel Dule 1
Christian Democratic Party of Albania
Partia Kristiandemokrate e Shqipërisë
PKDSH Christian democratic Fran Dashi 1

 

Coalition Socialist Party of Albania (PS): Emerged out of  the Party of Labour of Albania (founden 1941) in June 1991.  It aims at a social democratic model of Western European type.President: Edi Rama, since 10.10.2005, 66 Seats; Socialist Movement for Integration (LSI), 16 Seats, President:Ilir Meta, since 2009 in Government; Unity for Human Rights Party (PBDNJ), 1 Seat; Christian Democratic Party of Albania (PKDSH), 1 Seat.
Opposition Democratic Party of Albania (PD): First admitted democratic party (18.12.1990). Defines itself right from the middle, 49 Seats; new President after retreat of Sali Berisha: Lulzim Basha (Mayor of Tirana); Republican Party of Albania (PR), 3 Seats. Party for Justice, Integration and Unity (PDIU): 4 Seats.
Political Life Elections in June 2013 took place in an ordered and largely calm atmosphere; Many observers weres surprised. After a three-month period of preparation, the new Government took office in September.
The political change had significant effects on all levels of Public Administration. Almost the entire first and second level of management have been replaced until Spring 2014, whith the result, that also unexperienced persons gained responsibility they couldn’t cope with. Numerous projects have been started in order to realize the election pledges.
The work of the parliament is taking place in a quite hostile and aggressive atmosphere – quite unbeknown to Middle Europeans. Boycott of discussions and decisions is quite usual, as well as indiscretions communicated via TV and internet. Reciprocal allegations – absurd or not – are exploited in the public. The imprisonment of numerous polititions and public officers of the old government brings uncertainty, as it is unclear if this is part of a self-purification process, or rather the elimination of political counterparts.
Obiously, the public is very interested in politics (reflected bys the number of media). In Tirana, frequent demos can be seen, while out in the countryside there are still people, that haven’t recognized the end of the communist system.
Unions The communist syndicate union of Albania emerged into the “confederation of Independent Workers’ unions of Albania” (KSSH). The “Union of Independent Albanian Syndicates is related to the PD.
Administrative Structure
The law on the restructuring of the regional structure by reducing the counties (Qarge) to 12 and the cities (Bashki) to 61 was adopted on 31.07.2014 under heavy protest of the opposition. The municipal elections held in June 2015 were already based on that structure.

One of the ideas behind the restructuring was to reduce the influence of local structures. But still the local heroes have quite some power, charished by the old tradition of family clans.

Two examples:GjirokasterCut
In June 2014, the Albanian Police stormed the marihuana village Lazerat in the county of Gjirokaster to destroy the plantations. For decades, Lazarat was outside of legislation, only the breaking of local power allowed to arrange for a somehow controlled situation. But still in 2016, some remaining plantations were found. The photo shows a road sign with numerous bullet holes.
The second example is the global tax reform, providing among other aspects a central tax administration. The reconstruction of a central data pool out of the regional data causes a lot of efforts. Since mid 2015 confidence grows, that it can be achieved to a great extent.

Sources Used

  • Auswärtiges Amt (http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de)
  • Bundesministerium Europa, Integration und Äußeres (http://www.bmeia.gv.at)
  • Wirtschaftskammer Österreich (http://www.wko.at)
  • Weltbank (http://www.worldbank.org)
  • International Monetary Fund (http://www.imf.org)
  • Ministria e Financave (http://www.financa.gov.al)
  • Prime Minister´s office (http://www.kryeministria.al)
  • Albanian Investment Development Agency (http://www.aida.gov.al)
  • Wikipedia (http://www.wikipedia.org)

  plus comprehensive research of our own